"Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany and in Communist Regimes"
English Publications & Links [June 2008]

  bookinfo   Buch ANHANG online
online BOOK appendix
"Repression und Selbstbehauptung: Die Zeugen Jehovas unter der NS- und der SED-Diktatur",
Gerhard Besier / Clemens Vollnhals (Hrsg.), Duncker & Humblot (Zeitgeschichtliche Forschungen, Band 21), Berlin 2003
(ISBN 3-428-10605-9, ISSN 1438-2326)
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This is a non-commercial private website dedicated to the history and memory of humans persecuted under nazism and communism, and the contents is free for personal and non-commercial use only in accordance with international copyright law. (Nichtgewerbliche, private Internetseite, zur freien Verfügung für Schule, Forschung und Wissenschaft und für den nichtkommerziellen, persönlichen Gebrauch gemäß Urheberrechtsgesetz.) When using informationn from this site, please quote the following source: "Internet links and updated publication list from the appendix of the German book, Repression und Selbstbehauptung: Die Zeugen Jehovas unter der NS- und der SED-Diktatur, by Gerhard Besier / Clemens Vollnhals (eds.), Duncker & Humblot Berlin, 2003, pp. 408, 411, www.standfirm.de/english."

www.standfirm.de / www.jwhistory.net
English Web Links
- Update June 2008 -

ADDED / ADJUSTED

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. (USHMM). Academic Publications: Between Resistance and Martyrdrom. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Third Reich, by Dr Detlef Garbe, translated by Dagmar G. Grimm,  published by  the University of Wisconsin Press (contents of book),  Madison, WI, 2008.
http://www.ushmm.org/research/center/publications/details.php?content=2008-04-01 <15, 11.04.08>>

The University of Wisconsin Press. UW Press presents: Between Resistance and Martyrdrom. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Third Reich, by Dr Detlef Garbe, translated by Dagmar G. Grimm and published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (contents of book). The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 2008, USA.
http://www.wisc.edu/wisconsinpress/books/3914 <<187, 15.02.08>>

Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust (LAMOTH). Program (7 April 2008): Nazi Persecution: Jehovah's Witnesses, Victims of Conscience. Co-Sponsored by the Sigi Ziering Institute of American Jewish University. Monday April 07, 2008. 7:30 pm. Gindi Auditorium, University of Judaism. The evening's program will include: (1) "The Girl With the Purple Triangle," Documentary Screening and discussion by the director, Fritz Poppenberg, Drei Linden Films, Berlin, Germany. (2) "History of Jehovah's Witnesses," Lecture by Dr. Michael Berenbaum, Director, Sigi Ziering Institute at the American Jewish University. (3) "Out of Memory, Conscience. Out of Conscience, Responsibility," Lecture by Robert Buckley, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Tickets: $50, museum members $25. Groups of 4 or more, $25 per ticket.
http://www.lamoth.org/purpletriangle <<189, 11.03.08>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. (USHMM). Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at USHMM. The Nuremberg Trial: Persecution of religious and other victim groups presented at Nuremberg Trial. Story RG-60.2938, Tape 2373. (“Bible Researchers” = Bibelforscher, Bible Students, Jehovah's Witnesses).
http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/main.php?search=simple&dquery=Atrocities&cache_file=uia_PdHigA&total_recs=123&page_len=25&page=1&rec=15&file_num=3116 <<15, 26.02.08>>

www.standfirm.de / www.jwhistory.net
ENGLISH

Association of Contemporary Church Historians, University of British Columbia. John S. Conway (Editor), Arbeitsgemeinschaft kirchlicher Zeitgeschichtler. Book reviews. Christine King, Vice-Chancellor, University of Staffordshire, Stafford, U.K.: Hans Hesse ed., Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses during the Nazi Regime 1933-1945. Bremen: Edition Temmen 2001. 405 pp ISBN 3-86108-750-2. [Bible Students, Bibelforscher; concentration camps]
http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/akz/akz2310.htm <103, 08.10.03>

Augsburg, Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte (State Institution for Bavarian History). Exhibition of Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Museum. Table of Contents of all exhibition panels (PDF format, text in German and English). Abteilung (Part) 4. Prisoners 1933-1939. 4.4. Bible Students (Bibelforscher). Overview and case study (with photos and documents) of Johannes (Hans) Gaertner.
http://www.hdbg.de/dachau/pdfs/04/04_04/04_04_01.pdf <<120, 01.09.04>>

Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and State Museum . New Book: Teresa Wontor-Cichy, Imprisoned for Their Faith. Jehovah’s Witnesses in KL Auschwitz. Edited by Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Oswiecim 2006.
http://www.auschwitz.org.pl/publikacje/index.php?language=EN&ksiazka=281&mode=ksiazka&submode=info <<119, 13.03.07>>

Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. A new temporary exhibition on Jehovah' Witnesses as victims of Nazi persecution 1933-1945 was opened in the Visitor Reception Building on September 21, 2004. The 27 panels (in Polish and English) of the exhibition "Imprisoned for Their Faith - The Jehovah's Witnesses Versus Nazism" were seen there until November 30, 2004.
http://www.auschwitz.org.pl/html/eng/aktualnosci/news_big.php?id=693 <<119, 22.10.04>>

Austrian Research Centers Dissertationsdatenbank: Anita Farkas - Geschichte(n) ins Leben holen. Die Bibelforscherinnen des Frauenkonzentrationslagers Sankt Lambrecht. History / Testimonies Fetch Back to Life. The female Jehova`s Witnesses of the Concentration Camp Sankt Lambrecht. German and English summaries of Anita Farkas' thesis and German book.
http://media.obvsg.at/display_object-id=47246 <<118, 07.03.07>>

Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, USA. Purple Triangles: A Story of Spiritual Resistance. By Jolene Chu, New York. Originally published in Judaism Today, No. 12, Spring 1999, pp. 15-19. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher, Bible Students]
http://www.baycrest.org/spring 2001/article11.htm <<040, 27.04.02>>

Berghahn Books Ltd, Oxford / New York. New book: THE WOMEN'S CAMP IN MORINGEN. A Memoir of Imprisonment in Germany 1936-1937. Translated by Hildegard Herz and Howard Hartig. Edited and with an Introduction by Jane Caplan, Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford, and University Lecturer in Modern History. The Nazi regime opened its first concentration camps within weeks of coming to power, but with the exception of Dachau the history of these early, improvised camps and their inmates is not yet widely known. Gabriele Herz's memoir, published for the first time, is a unique record of a Jewish woman's detention in the first women's concentration camp in Moringen (housed in part of an old-established workhouse), at a time when most other inmates were communists or Jehovah's Witnesses. This original translation of her wry and perceptive memoir is accompanied by an extensive introduction that sets Herz's experience in the history both of political detention under the Nazi regime and of the German workhouse system.
http://www.berghahnbooks.com/title.php?rowtag=HerzWomen <<142, 02.07.05>>

Britannica. Presents: Journal of Church & State, 03/01/99. Spiritual Resistance of Christian Conviction in Nazi Germany: The Case of the Jehovah's Witnesses. By Dr. Gabriele Yonan (Berlin). Magazine: Journal of Church and State, Spring 1999. [Contents: Jehovah's Witnesses as Modern-Day Representatives of the Chiliastic Tradition. / Who Are Jehovah's Witnesses? / Religious Persecution in History / Recapitulation: The Witnesses' Resistance / Failure of the Larger Churches During the Nazi Regime / The Confessional Church -- Resistance for its own Purposes (Martin Niemoller, Niemoeller) / The Witnesses' Religious Resistance Interpreted and Evaluated (Rutherford's letter to Hitler, February 9, 1934) / The Declaration of 25 June 1933: A Textual Analysis (Berlin Wilmersdorf, 25.06.1933) / Conclusion.]
http://www.britannica.com/bcom/magazine/article/0,5744,255863,00.html <<
034, 03.12.04>>

CESNUR 2006 International Conference, July 13-16, 2006 in San Diego State University, San Diego, California. Religion, Globalization, and Conflict: International Perspectives Provocation or Persecution? Programme: http://www.cesnur.org/2006/sd_prg.htm. A paper presented at the CESNUR 2006 International Conference: The "Bibelforscher" in the Third Reich (An Examination of the Conflict between Jehovah's Witnesses and the Nazis) by George D. CHRYSSIDES (University of Wolverhampton, England U.K.).
http://www.cesnur.org/2006/sd_chryssides.htm <<161, 18.07.06>>

Concentration Camp Memorial - Ravensbrück, Fürstenberg (Germany). "Purple Triangle at Ravensbrück - Jehovah’s Witnesses (Bible Students) in Concentration Camp." In 1939 female Jehovah’s Witnesses made up 40 percent of the inmates in the new women’s concentration camp Ravensbrück. Their sufferings intensified when they refused to do war-related work. Until August 31, 2007, this special exhibition tells their story. The German exhibition panels have English summaries of photo captions and other texts.
http://www.ravensbrueck.de/mgr/english/exhibit/sonder.htm <<175, 28.02.07>>

Council of Europe. EDUCATION. Seminar of Budapest, 15-17 April 2004. Proceedings. "Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi-Europe - What We Should Know and Remember," by Hans-Hermann Dirksen, Historian. [DGIV/EDU/MEM (2004) 19 prov. bil.]
http://www.coe.int/T/F/Coopération_culturelle/education/Enseigner_la_mémoire/... (PDF file) <<126, 05.01.05>>

Grammaton Press, New Orleans. Books: (1) Facing the Lion -- Memoirs of a Young Girl in Nazi Europe, by Simone Arnold Liebster. New Orleans, 2000. With free teaching and study guide for schools and students. (2) Crucible of Terror: A Story of Survival Through the Nazi Storm, by Max Liebster. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher; class-room material]
http://www.facingthelion.com <<005, 08.12.00, 04.07.02>>
http://www.crucibleofterror.com/ <<005, 26.10.04>>

H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online. Benjamin Pearson, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: The Stasi and the Jehovah's Witnesses, in: "Review of Waldemar Hirch, Die Glaubensgemeinschaft der Zeugen Jehovas während der SED-Diktatur: Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Observierung und Unterdrückung durch das Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, H-German, H-Net Reviews.
http://www.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=282971159642378 <<132, 04.06>>

H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online. John S. Conway, Department of History, University of British Columbia, January 2005: [WWII] Review of new book on 3rd Reich and GDR persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses. Book review of (1) Gerhard Besier / Clemens Vollnhals: Repression und Selbstbehauptung ... and (2) Robert Schmidt: Religiöse Selbstbehauptung und staatliche Repression ...
http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=268551116011861 <<132, 17.02.05; 01.07.05>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (from the US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM).
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/Jehovah.htm <<008, 08.12.00>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Else Woieziek (foto), a Jehovah's Witness sentenced to death, and Heinrich Heine (foto), a shop assistant from Neuss, Germany. Taken from Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM). [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/Jmug.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Who Are Jehovah's Witnesses? Text taken from Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM). [Bibelforscher]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/who_are.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. This letter dated October 7, 1934, was sent to the German government by every congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany. This declaration of political neutrality failed to convince the Nazi regime that the Witnesses were harmless. Taken from Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM). [Bibelforscher]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/Jletter.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Last letter of Wolfgang Kusserow. On March 28th, 1942, Wolfgang Kusserow, a twenty-year old Jehovah's Witness, was executed for refusing military service. The day before his death he wrote his family a last letter, translated here. Taken from Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM). [Bibelforscher; fotos: family Kusserow and "Golden Age" house, Bad Lippspringe, Germany]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/Kusserow.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Declaration Renouncing Beliefs (for imprisoned Jehovah's Witnesses). Taken from Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM). [Bibelforscher; Nazism]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/declaration.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Helene Gotthold with her two children Gerd and Gisela, in 1936 (foto). Arrested many times for defying the Nazi ban on Jehovah's Witnesses activities, Helene was convicted, condemned to death, and beheaded on December 8, 1944, in Berlin. Gerd and Gisela survived. Taken from Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses brochure (US Holocaust Memorial Museum/USHMM). [Bibelforscher; Nazism]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/gotthold.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Book info: Facing the Lion -- Memoirs of a Young Girl in Nazi Europe, by Simone Arnold Liebster. [Bibelforscher; children; Nazism]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/facing_the_lion.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc., VA. Teacher Resource Center. Book info: Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime, by Hans Hesse (ed.), Michael Berenbaum (see Preface). [Bibelforscher; Nazism; including two itmes about communist persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses]
http://www.holocaust-trc.org/PRJW.htm <<008, 05.07.02>>

Holocaust Forgotten Memorial, California. Jehovah's Witnesses: Stood Firm. Book: Facing the Lion -- Memoirs of a Young Girl in Nazi Europe, by Simone Arnold Liebster. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher]
http://www.holocaustforgotten.com/NewsJW.htm <<027, 15.01.01>>

International Organization for Migration (IOM News). Marie Agnes Heine, IOM Geneva: Jehovah’s Witnesses Persecuted by Nazi Regime Receive Compensation. IOM News, March 2003, pages 14, 15. [Bibelforscher; biographical arcicle on survivor Max Hollweg (foto; document); Buchenwald and Wewelsburg (Niederhagen) concentration camp; comment by Max Hollweg: "I think it’s ridiculous to try to financially compensate us for what has been done. As Jehovah’s Witnesses we continue to be discriminated against and therefore any additional assistance is welcome."]
http://www.iom.int/documents/publication/en/in%5Fmar%5F2003.pdf <<088, 22.05.03>>

IOM, International Organization of Migration. Report: "Jehovah's Witness Survivors and Conclusion", in: Humanitarian and Social Programmes: "Final Report on Assistance to Needy, Elderly Survivors of Nazi Persecution. 2006. ISBN / ISSN : 978 92 9068 292 9. [In four years IOM's Humanitarian and Social Programmes reached over 73,800 victims of Nazi persecution, most of whom lived in isolation and extreme poverty in Central and Eastern Europe. HSP assistance consisted of food, winter aid, hygienic supplies, ... (More Information ... http://www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/cache/bypass/pid/8?entryId=2404)]
http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/shared/mainsite/published_docs/books/hsp_4.pdf <165, 04.08.06>

Jehovah's Witnesses, United States. Awake! magazine article, "Jehovah's Witnesses -- Courageous in the Face of Nazi Peril," July 8, 1998. [Bibelforscher, Nazism; subheadings: No Compromise With Hitler / Looking Back / What Happened When Hitler Came to Power? / Convention of Courage or Compromise? (Berlin convention, Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen, June 25, 1933) / 2 actual photos of the convention attended by Jehovah's Witnesses in 1933 at the Tennishallen / A Statements of Intent (1933 "Declaration of Facts" [German "Erklärung" / "Erklaerung"] / videocassette documentary entitled Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault; Buchenwald (foto)]
http://www.watchtower.org/library/g/1998/7/8/article_01.htm <<050, 05.07.02>>

Jehovah's Witnesses, United States. Press release: "Jehovah's Witnesses praised as 'double victims' under both the Nazi state and Communism." Opening of new exhibit in Berlin on the official persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in the former GDR. [Lothar Hörnig (Hoernig) (Pegau), Johannes Wrobel, chairman of the Historical Archives of Jehovah's Witnesses]
http://www.jw-media.org/region/europe/germany/english/releases/events/ger_e990603.htm <<049, 06.04.03>>

Jehovah's Witnesses, United States. Information about video documentary Jehovah’s Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault, Watchtower Society, 1996, 72 min. class-room edition (clip with excerpts). [Bibelforscher; Josef Rehwald, Otto Harstang; shooting of August Dickmann, etc.]
http://www.jw-media.org/edu_videos/vcfi_e.htm <2005>

Jehovah's Witnesses, United States. Press Release, June 16, 2004: Moscow Appeal Court outlaws 11,000 Jehovah's Witnesses who brace for return to Soviet era. (Russian version) <more>
http://www.jw-media.org/newsroom/index.htm?content=/region/europe/russia/english/releases/religious_freedom/rus_e040616.htm

Jehovah's Witnesses, United States / Russia / Britain. Documentary (PDF), May 2005: One Year Later: Effects of Moscow Ban on Jehovah’s Witnesses in Russia. Office of Public Information for Jehovah's Witnesses. Watch Tower House, The Ridgeway, London, NW7 1RN. (In June 2004 the Moscow City Court ruled to uphold a lower court decision to ban the activity of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Moscow and to liquidate their legal entity. This is in stark contrast to the legal status of the Witnesses in the rest of Russia, where they are registered in 398 communities in 72 regions. Even before this ruling entered into legal force, Jehovah’s Witnesses experienced adverse consequences both in Moscow and in other parts of Russia.)
http://www.jw-media.org/region/europe/russia/english/moscow/rus_e0506.pdf <<49, 01.07.05>>

Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust (LAMOTH). Program (7 April 2008): Nazi Persecution: Jehovah's Witnesses, Victims of Conscience. Co-Sponsored by the Sigi Ziering Institute of American Jewish University. Monday April 07, 2008. 7:30 pm. Gindi Auditorium, University of Judaism. The evening's program will include: (1) "The Girl With the Purple Triangle," Documentary Screening and discussion by the director, Fritz Poppenberg, Drei Linden Films, Berlin, Germany. (2) "History of Jehovah's Witnesses," Lecture by Dr. Michael Berenbaum, Director, Sigi Ziering Institute at the American Jewish University. (3) "Out of Memory, Conscience. Out of Conscience, Responsibility," Lecture by Robert Buckley, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Tickets: $50, museum members $25. Groups of 4 or more, $25 per ticket.
http://www.lamoth.org/purpletriangle <<189, 11.03.08>>

MosNews. Moscow upholds ban on Jehovah's Witnesses, Mosnews, June 16, 2004. MOSCOW -- A Moscow court upheld a ban on the city's Jehovah's Witnesses, ending a six-year case that reflected growing pressure to stifle minority religious groups in Russia, where Orthodox Christianity is predominant.<more>
http://www.mosnews.com/news/2004/06/16/jehovah.shtml <<115, 16.06.04>>

Newspaper "Die Welt" (German). Archive. Professor Dr. Dr. Gerhard Besier: Verdict against the established churches. The significance of the legal recognition of Jehovah’s Witnesses [in Germany]. [Original title: “Verdikt gegen die Amtskirche. Was die Anerkennung der Zeugen Jehovas aus rechtlicher Sicht bedeutet”], in: Die Welt, German newspaper, March 26, 2005, p. 3. (The Judgment of the Higher Administrative Court in Berlin in Favor of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Germany–PRESS COMMENTARIES: WORD dokuments in English English translation of quotes (WORD document) ..., German Pressezitate als WORD-Dokument (Deutsch) ..., and French French translation of quotes (WORD document) ... ). [“On March 24, the Higher Administrative Court [Oberverwaltungsgericht, OVG] decided once again that the religious organization fulfills the requirements to be granted the rights of corporation under Public Law. The court did not allow for revision. What is left is the possibility for the State of Berlin to file a complaint at the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht, BVerwG). […] According to the court, all accusations made against them [Jehovah’s Witnesses] proved to be unsubstantiated. ‘As a result, the defendant (the State of Berlin) could only rely on so-called reports by dropouts, [and] reports from anti-sect initiatives …’ However, family courts, physicians, psychologists, and scientific examinations did not confirm their view of matters. ‘It could hardly be expected [that], with hindsight, dropouts could draw any positive aspects from their experiences with the association.’ This assessment of the court is diametrically opposed to the activities of the commissioners for sect issues of the [two] mainstream churches who base their negative judgment about the religious competitors not only on these ‘reports by dropouts’ but also collaborate very closely with these former members and with anti-sect organizations.”]
http://www.jwhistory.net/archiv/jw-court2005.htm <German original> <<060, 27.04.05>>

Poppenberg, Fritz. Drei Linden Film, Berlin. "Fear Not" -- Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses Under the Nazi Regime. Documentary film, 92 minutes.
http://www.dreilindenfilm.de/filme/fear.htm <<004, 08.12.00>>

Poppenberg, Fritz. Drei Linden Film, Berlin. "Follow Me" --Jehovah's Witnesses Under the East German Regime. Documentary film, 58 minutes, 1999. [GDR (East Germany, Communist Germany), DDR]
http://www.dreilindenfilm.de/filme/follow.htm <<004, 08.12.00>>

Private Website, United States of America. The Nazi State and the New Religions: Five Case Studies in Non-Conformity, by Christine Elizabeth King. Studies in Religion and Society, Volume Four. The Edwin Mellen Press, New York & Toronto, 1982. Chapter VI: A Triumph of the Will: The Jehovah's Witnesses. See also Chapter VII: Some Conclusions, Appendices, and Notes.
http://www.jehovah.to/gen/holocaust/chapVI.htm <<034, 05.07.02>>

Private Website, United States of America. Jehovah's Witnesses: Victims under Two Dictatorships. About the 157-page book by Dr. Gabriele Yonan (Berlin) in German which deals with the plight of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi and in Communist Germany: Jehovahs Zeugen: Opfer unter zwei deutschen Diktaturen (1933-1945 / 1949-1989). (Jehovah's Witnesses: Victims under Two Dictatorships) Copied from Human Rights Without Frontiers (HRWF, June 18, 1999).
http://www.jehovah.to/gen/holocaust/yonan.htm  <<034, 03.12.04>>

Private Website, United States of America. "Female Jehovah's Witnesses in the Women's Concentration Camp in Moringen: Research on the Resistance of Women to Nazism," by Jürgen Harder and Hans Hesse, article translated from German. [Early history of concentration camp; daily life (house rules, dress, food, housing, work); prisoner groups; the female Jehovah's Witnesses; social structure; "Verpflichtungserklärungen" (Declaration of Commitment); Reports of Conduct; the resistance of Bible Students (Bibelforscher) in the Moringen Women's concentration camp; Moringen - Lichtenburg - Ravensbrück concentration camps]
http://www.jehovah.to/gen/holocaust/female.htm <<034, 03.12.04>>

Private Website, United States of America. "Jehovah's Witnesses in the Nazi period," by John Conway (University of British Columbia), editor of the Association of Church Historians, reviews in the Newletter Detlef Garbe's book Zwischen Widerstand und Martyrium. Die Zeugen Jehovahs im Dritten Reich.
http://www.jehovah.to/gen/holocaust/garbe.htm <<034, 03.12.04>>

Rammerstorfer, Bernhard (author, Austria). Summary of the book and video by Bernhard Rammerstorfer: He just said NO. Leopold Engleitner -- His Way Was Different. Biography of Leopold Engleitner. [Nazi Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses or Bibelforscher in Austria (Österreich)]
http://www.rammerstorfer.cc/english/index.htm <<014, 16.10.02>>

Rammerstorfer, Bernhard (author, Austria). USA Tour 2006 of survivor Leopold Engleitner and his biographer Bernhard Rammerstorfer. During their educational 2006 U.S. tour Engleitner and Rammerstorfer have a number of presentations scheduled (see links).
http://www.rammerstorfer.cc/deutsch/events/2006/usa_06/usa_programm_06.htm <<014, 17.04.06>>

Reed Presentations Inc., South Plainfield NJ. Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault. Documentary Video. Produced by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania.
http://www.reedpresentations.com/standfirm/sfweb.htm <<031, 14.02.01>>

Religion, State and Society. The Keston Journal. "Jehovah's Witnesses in National Socialist concentration camps, 1933 - 45", by Johannes Wrobel, in: Religion, State & Society, The Keston Journal, Volume 34, Issue 2, 2006 (see contents of special issue). The article presents an updated persecution history and new concentration camp statistics of the victim group with the "purple triangle" (Jehovah's Witnesses, or Bible Students, Ernste Bibelforscher). The original paper was presented at a workshop held at Stafford in February 2004 which was co-organized by the Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Education and Research, Staffordshire University, and the History and Governance Research Institute of the University of Wolverhampton (Britain). On the basis of newly available primary sources, as well as the testimonies of Witnesses themselves, the revised article focus on the tribulations of Jehovah’s Witnesses in the National Socialist concentration camps (see summary in German).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09637490600624691 (view for free) <159, 06.06.06>
http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/09637490600624691
http://www.jwhistory.net/english/rss2-2006.htm (contents)

Religion, State and Society. The Keston Journal. Special Issue: Jehovah’s Witnesses under two Dictatorships, Volume 34, Issue 2, 2006. This issue of Religion, State & Society brings together the work of four British and German scholars who have conducted research in recent years on the experiences of Jehovah’s Witnesses in the “Third Reich” and the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The original papers were presented at a workshop held at Stafford in February 2004 which was co-organised by the Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Education and Research, Staffordshire University, and the History and Governance Research Institute of the University of Wolverhampton (UK). On the basis of newly available primary sources, as well as the testimonies of Witnesses themselves, the revised articles focus on the tribulations of Jehovah’s Witnesses in the National Socialist concentration camps (see summary in German) and in GDR prisons (see German version), the experiences of the children of Witnesses during the years 1933 to 1989, the policies of the two regimes, and the persecution of the Witnesses by the Ministry of State Security. The publisher presents the fruits of collaboration with Mike Dennis, Professor of Modern German History at Wolverhampton University, on the subject of Jehovah's Witnesses under two dictatorships.
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/spissue/crss-si.asp <159, 16.05.06>
http://www.jwhistory.net/english/rss2-2006.htm (contents)

Staffordshire University News. Plight of Jehovah's Witnesses Examined at Joint Conference. VICE-Chancellor Professor Christine King and Dr Pauline Elkes from the Faculty of Arts, Media and Design - both with research interests relating to Nazi Germany - recently (February 21, 2004) took part in a conference on the history of persecution and resistance in Nazi Germany and Communist Eastern Germany. Professor Mike Dennis, leader of the research group at Wolverhampton University, gave a paper on the GDR. The conference also heard papers from Johannes Wrobel, Annegrete Dirksen and Hans-Herman Dirksen, leading researchers in the field, visiting from Germany. Staffordshire University News, March 29, 2004, page 6.
www.staffs.ac.uk/news/the_news/2004/march_2004.pdf <196, 07.03.04>

The Holocaust Chronicle. The Holocaust Chronicle Web site contains every word and a generous selection of images from the companion book of the same title, a massive, not-for-profit volume conceived and published by Chicago-based Publications International, Ltd. See: "Jehovah's Witnesses" (also chart detailing the prisoner markings used in German concentration camps; "1944: Desparate Acts"; Declaration to be released; etc.).
http://www.holocaustchronicle.org/staticpages/171.html <<136, 22.12.04>>

The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Article, "Jehovah's Witness Recalls Nazi Capture," by David Finnigan, about 99-year-old Leopold Engleitner from Austria touring the United States relating his experiences at the concentration camp Buchenwald, etc. Quote: "'No, he is not a survivor of the Holocaust,' Cooper [Simon Wiesenthal Center] said, 'But he is a survivor of Nazi tyranny, targeted because he made a decision about how he was going to pray to God.'"
http://www.jewishjournal.com/home/print.php?id=13160 <<122, 01.11.04>>

The Jewish Virtual Library (formerly JSOURCE), a division of the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE). Encyclopedia, see Jehovah’s Witnesses…
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/jehovah.html <160, 20.07.06>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Hans Hesse (ed.): Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime. Bremen, 2001.
http://edition-temmen.com <<048, 05.07.02>>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Hans Hesse (ed.): Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime. Bremen, 2001. Contents. [Bibelforscher; Nazism; persecution of children; concentration camps. Part A: Michael Berenbaum: Preface; Hans Hesse: Foreword; Henry Friedlander: Categories of Concentration Camp Prisoners; Christoph Daxelmüller: Solidarity and the Will to Survive: Religious and Social Behavior of Jehovah's Witnesses in Concentration Camps; Jürgen Harder and Hans Hesse: Female Jehovah's Witnesses in Moringen Women's Concentration Camp: Women's Resistance in Nazi Germany; Kirsten John-Stucke: Jehovah's Witnesses in Wewelsburg Concentration Camp; Antje Zeiger: Jehovah's Witnesses in Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp; Martin Guse: "The Little One … He Had to Suffer a Lot": Jehovah's Witnesses in the Moringen Concentration Camp for Juveniles; Thomas Rahe: Jehovah's Witnesses in Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp; Johannes Wrobel: The Buchenwald Series: Watercolors by the Jehovah's Witness Johannes Steyer; Sybil Milton: Jehovah's Witnesses as Forgotten Victims; Sybil Milton: Jehovah's Witnesses: A Documentation; Angela Nerlich and Wolfram Slupina: Rescued From Oblivion: The Case of Hans Gärtner; Ursula Krause-Schmitt: Resistance and Persecution of Female Jehovah's Witnesses; Hubert Roser: The Religious Association of Jehovah's Witnesses in Baden and Wurttemberg (Wuerttemberg), 1933-1945; Hans-Hermann Dirksen: Jehovah's Witnesses in the German Democratic Republic; Göran Westphal: The Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Weimar, 1945-1990; Detlef Garbe: Social Disinterest, Governmental Disinformation, Renewed Persecution, and Now Manipulation of History?; Wolfram Slupina: Persecuted and Almost Forgotten. Part B: Walter Köbe: History, Past and Present: Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany; Johannes Wrobel: The Video Documentary "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault": Propaganda or Historical Document?; Gabriele Yonan: History, Past and Present: Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany. An Analysis of the Documentary "Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault" From the Perspective of Religious Studies; Dietrich Hellmund: Critical Reflection on the Video Documentary "Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault": Propaganda or Historical Documentation?; Lutz Lemhöfer (Lemhoefer): Between Historical Documentation and Public Promotion of One's Image. Comments About the Watch Tower Society Film: "Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault"; Wolfram Slupina: "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault"-Touring Exhibitions and Video Presentations, 1996-2000; Jolene Chu: From Marginalization to Martyrdom; James N. Pellechia: Teaching Tolerance: A Case Study; Hans-Hermann Dirksen, Jürgen Harder, Hans Hesse, and Johannes Wrobel: Chronology: Development and Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses; Bibliography; Contributors.]
http://edition-temmen.com/contents/index.htm <<048, 05.07.02>>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Hans Hesse (ed.): Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime. Bremen, 2001. Preface by Michael Berenbaum (Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Scholar of the Holocaust; Richard Stockton College), October 2000. 408 pages, 27 color pictures, 81 photos and documents, hardcover. [Bibelforscher; Nazism; concentration camps; USHMM]
http://edition-temmen.com/center.htm <<048, 05.07.02>>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Hans Hesse (ed.): Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime. Bremen, 2001. Foreword by Hans Hesse, historian. [Bibelforscher; Nazism; concentration camps]
http://edition-temmen.com/foreword/index.htm <<048, 05.07.02>>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Hans Hesse (ed.): Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime. Bremen, 2001. Chronology: Development and Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses, by Hans-Hermann Dirksen, Jürgen Harder, Hans Hesse, and Johannes Wrobel. [Bibelforscher; Nazism; concentration camps]
http://edition-temmen.com/timetable/index.htm <<048, 05.07.02>>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Johannes Wrobel: The Buchenwald Series: Watercolors by the Jehovah's Witness Johannes Steyer: Article from book Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime, by Hans Hesse (ed.), Bremen, 2001. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher; biography of concentration camp inmate Johannes Steyer; KZ Buchenwald, fotos of paintings; for class-room use]
http://www.edition-temmen.com/pictures/ <<048, 05.07.02>>

Temmen Publishing House, Germany. Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi-Regime. Bremen, 2001. Contributers (short biographies): Michael Berenbaum, Jolene Chu, Christoph Daxelmüller, Hans-Hermann Dirksen, Henry Friedlander, Detlef Garbe, Martin Guse, Jürgen Harder, Dietrich Hellmund, Hans Hesse, Kirsten John-Stucke, Walter Köbe, Ursula Krause-Schmitt, Lutz Lemhöfer (Lemhoefer), Sybil Milton, Angela Nerlich, James N. Pellechia , Thomas Rahe, Hubert Roser, Wolfram Slupina, Göran Westphal, Johannes Wrobel, Gabriele Yonan, and Antje Zeiger. [Bibelforscher; Nazism; concentration camps]
http://www.edition-temmen.com/contributors/index.htm <<048, 05.07.02>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. (USHMM). Academic Publications: Between Resistance and Martyrdrom. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Third Reich, by Dr Detlef Garbe, translated by Dagmar G. Grimm,  published by  the University of Wisconsin Press (contents of book),  Madison, WI, 2008.
http://www.ushmm.org/research/center/publications/details.php?content=2008-04-01 <15, 11.03.08>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. (USHMM). "We Honor and Remember Jehovah's Witness Victims of the Nazi Era." Browse related resources and view videos of the lectures and presentations from the Museum's October 5, 2006, public program (see the agenda schedule | alternative).
http://www.ushmm.org/museum/publicprograms/past.php?content=2006-10-05 <<015, 22.11.06>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C. (USHMM): Booklet: Victims of the Nazi Regime 1933-1945: Jehovah's Witnesses. Washington D.C., 1995, 20 pages. (PDF format). Music of the Holocaust: Forward ... Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibliographies.
http://www.ushmm.org/research/library/bibliography/index.php?content=jehovah <<015, 08.07.03>>
http://www.ushmm.org

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. (USHMM). Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at USHMM. The Nuremberg Trial: Persecution of religious and other victim groups presented at Nuremberg Trial. Story RG-60.2938, Tape 2373. (“Bible Researchers” = Bibelforscher, Bible Students, Jehovah's Witnesses).
http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/main.php?search=simple&dquery=Atrocities&cache_file=uia_PdHigA&total_recs=123&page_len=25&page=1&rec=15&file_num=3116 <<15, 26.02.08>>

University of Minnesota. The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Study Guide for "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault" (video). Posted With Permission of Watch Tower Society. (See link "Educational Resources".)
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/Educational_Resources/StandFirmstudyGuide.pdf (PDF file) <<127, 05.01.05>

University of Minnesota, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Minneapolis, MN). Virtual Museum. On-line Exhibitions. "Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany" (article, also PDF), Resources, Watch Tower History Archives, Germany, the Netherlands, U.S.A.
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/Visual___Artistic_Resources/Johannes_Steyer/Jehovah_s_Witnesses_in_Germany/jehovah_s_witnesses_in_germany.html

University of Minnesota, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Minneapolis, MN). Virtual Museum. On-line Exhibitions (Artistic Resources). Artistic Responses to the Holocaust and Genocide: Johannes Steyer. The Buchenwald Series created with aquarelles (single images).
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/Visual___Artistic_Resources/Johannes_Steyer/johannes_steyer.html <<127, 30.06.05>>

University of Minnesota, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Minneapolis, MN). Virtual Museum. On-line Exhibitions (
Artistic Resources). Artistic Responses to the Holocaust and Genocide: Johannes Steyer. The Buchenwald Series - Simple in form, haunting in detail ... (single images)
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/Visual___Artistic_Resources/Johannes_Steyer/The_Buchenwald_Series/the_buchenwald_series.html<<127, 30.06.05>>

University of South Florida, College of Education. Florida Center for Instructional Technology. A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust. An overview of the people and events of the Holocaust through photographs, documents, art, music, movies, and literature. [...] Jehovah's Witnesses. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher; foto: purple triangle with "B"]
http://131.247.120.10/holocaust/People/victims.htm <<024, 09.12.00>>

University of South Florida, College of Education. Florida Center for Instructional Technology. A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust. Jehovah's Witnesses (overview). [Bibelforscher; foto: Karl-Heinz Kusserow, imprisoned in Dachau and Sachsenhausen concentration camps]
http://131.247.120.10/holocaust/people/VictJeho.htm <<024, 09/12/00>>

University of South Florida, College of Education. Florida Center for Instructional Technology. A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Holocaust. Chronology of events 1933-1945.
http://131.247.120.10/holocaust/PEOPLE/JWTIMELN.HTM <<024, 09/12/00>>

University of Minnesota. The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Minneapolis, MN). Study Guide for "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault" (video). Posted With Permission of Watch Tower Society. (See link "Educational Resources".)
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/Educational_Resources/StandFirmstudyGuide.pdf (PDF file) <<127, 05.01.05>

University of Southern California, Los Angeles / USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education. The University of Southern California provides access to the oral history created by Simone Liebster in conjunction with the USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education (formerly the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, http://www.vhf.org/). Includes student handouts and lesson plans. Simone Liebster, a Jehovah’s Witness, was persecuted during the Nazi period. The interview is presented by the Shoah Foundation and the Arnold Liebster Foundation.
http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/vhi/Standingout/StandingOut-Home.htm <<169, 24.11.06>>

The University of Wisconsin Press. UW Press presents: Between Resistance and Martyrdrom. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Third Reich, by Dr Detlef Garbe, translated by Dagmar G. Grimm and published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (contents of book). The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 2008, USA.
http://www.wisc.edu/wisconsinpress/books/3914/ <<187, 15.02.08>>

U.S. Department of State. Taken Questions, Office of the Spokesman, Washington, DC, March 26, 2004. Russia: Banning Religious Activities of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Moscow.
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2004/30838.htm#russia <more>

Webster University, United States of America. Survival and Resistance: The Netherlands Under Nazi Occupation. By Linda M. Woolf, Ph.D. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher; Holland]
http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/netherlands.html <<025, 15.01.01>>

 


This is a non-commercial private website, and the contents is free for personal and non-commercial use only in accordance with international copyright law. (Nichtgewerbliche, private Internetseite, zur freien Verfügung für Schule, Forschung und Wissenschaft und für den nichtkommerziellen, persönlichen Gebrauch gemäß Urheberrechtsgesetz.) If using informationn from this site, please quote the following source: "Internet links and updated publication list from the German book Repression und Selbstbehauptung: Die Zeugen Jehovas unter der NS- und der SED-Diktatur, by Professor Dr. Dr. Gerhard Besier and Dr. Clemens Vollnhals (eds.), Duncker & Humblot Berlin, 2003, see Appendix of publication, pp. 408, 411, www.standfirm.de/english."

www.standfirm.de / www.jwhistory.net
OTHER LANGUAGES

DANISH. Publishing House Gramma, Copenhagen, Danmark. Autobiography by Simone Liebster: "I Løvens Gab" … [Danish translation of Facing the Lion -- Memoirs of a Young Girl in Nazi Europe]
http://www.gramma.dk/Da/Links/Books/Love/ilg.html <073, 09.09.02>>

FRENCH: Sur le jugement rendu par la Cour d’appel administrative (Oberverwaltungsgericht ou OVG) de Berlin le 24 mars 2005 en faveur de la communauté des Témoins de Jéhovah d’Allemagne : COMMENTAIRES DE LA PRESSE ALLEMANDE (see French WORD dokument French translation of quotes (WORD document) ... ).
http://www.jwhistory.net/archiv/jw-court2005.htm#french <<060, 27.04.05>>

FRENCH: Pohl, Willi K.: Les Témoins de Jéhovah - Hommage à un groupe de victimes des nazis, in: 60ième anniversaire de la libération des détenus des camps de concentration des Sachsenhausen et de Ravensbrück et de la prison de Brandenburg. 14 - 16 avril 2005, 24 avril 2005. Foundation des Mémoriaux du land de Brandenbourg / Stiftung Brandenburgische Gedenkstätten (ed.), Oranienburg 2005, p. 138-141
http://www.jwhistory.net/text/otherlanguages/sachsenhausen2005french.htm <<17.05.05>>

FRENCH: Cercle Européen des Temoins de Jéhovah Anciens Déportés et Internés (CETJAD), France. Foundation of Jehovah's Witness survivors and deportees, French website. [Zeugen Jehovas im NS-Regime, Bibelforscher]
http://membres.lycos.fr/bibelforscher/manif.htm <<047, 04.07.02>>

FRENCH: Hans Hesse: Persécution et résistance des témoins de Jéhovah pendant le régime nazi 1933 - 1945. Préface de Michael BERENBAUM. Éditions Schortgen, Esch-sur-Alzette 2005.
http://membres.lycos.fr/bibelforscher/biblio/hesse.htm <<047, 21.09.05>>

FRENCH. Guy Canonici: Les Témoins de Jéhovah face à Hitler. Préface de François [Francois] Bédarida. Paris, 1998. [CETJAD, Zeugen Jehovas im NS-Regime, Bibelforscher, France, Jehovah's Witnesses]
http://membres.lycos.fr/bibelforscher/canonici/canonici.htm <<047, 04.07.02>>

FRENCH: Private Website. L'Holocauste & les Temoins de Jehovah: Répertoire de liens web. Index: Victimes du Régime Nazi - Victims of Nazi Regime. International Web Link Collection (Czech, Francais, Espagnol, Deutsch, Danish, English, Finnish, Italiano, Japonais, Portugues, Russian, Svenska). [Jehovas Zeugen, Bibelforscher: Linksammlung]
http://www.chez.com/youppi/holocauste.html <<064, 30.07.02>>

FRENCH: German letter (translated into French) to the editors of the German daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, June 16, 2000, no. 138, page 51, lettre à l'éditeur, " Les Témoins de Jéhovah parmi les victimes ", by Johannes Wrobel. [London Imperial War Museum, Holocaust exhibition; USHMM, Yad Vashem; Magdalena Reuter-Kusserow]
http://www.standfirm.de/archiv/FAZ000616.htm#french <<059, 08.07.02>>

ITALIAN / GERMAN: Private website, Italy. I Testimoni di Geova "hanno tentato d'Ingraziarsi", como altre chiese, "il Favore" di Hitler e die Nazionalsocialisti poco dopo il loro "avvento al potere"? Haben sich Jehovas Zeugen kurz nach der "Machtergreifung", änlich wie andere Kirchen, Hitler und den Nationalsozialisten "angebiedert"? Quotations by Dr. Detlef Garbe, Professor Dr. Dr. Besier, Heidelberg University a.o. (refuting charges against Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany in connection with 1933 assembly and letter to chancellor Hitler.) [Zeugen Jehovas, Bibelforscher; Deutsch/Italienisch]
http://www.triangoloviola.it/historik.html <<032, 03.05.02>>

ITALIAN: Private Website, Italy. "Lettera D'Accompagnamento alla Dichiarazione di Berlino del 1933 dei testimoni di Geova", 5 Novembre 1998, Johannes Wrobel, Germania. [Bibelforscher, Berlin Wilmersdorfer Kongress 1933; Berlin assembly on June 25, 1933]
http://www.triangoloviola.it/let33com.html <<032, 05.07.02>>

ITALIAN: Private Website, Italy. Photograph of Narciso Riet, a Jehovah's Wittness who worked in the German underground and was executed by the Nazis in 1944. Number of persecuted Bibelforscher in Nazi occupied countries in Europe. [italienisches NS-Opfer Narciso Riet (Foto), hingerichtet von den Nationalsozialisten]
http://www.triangoloviola.it/faq.html <<032, 09.06.02>>

ITALIAN: Private Website, Italy. German articles from "raensbrückblätter" magazine (no. 113, December 2002) translated into Italian: Testimoni di Geova sotto il nazionalsocialismo / Testimoni di Geova a Ravensbrück / Profilo di Martha Vollbaum / Testimoni di Geova nella Repubblica Federale Tedesca [Germania Ovest] / Testimoni di Geova nella Repubblica Democratica Tedesca [Germania Est] / Memorie dei sopravvissuti / Recensione sul tema
http://www.triangoloviola.it/puntfond.html <<032, 16.06.04>>

POLISH: Books about the Nazi perscecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Polish by Henryk Dornik, Simone Arnold Liebster, Horst Schmidt, Hermine Schmidt, Hans Hess (ed), and others.
http://www.wydawnictwo-apropos.pl/ <<185, 02.01.08>>

POLISH: Pohl, Willi K.: Swiadkowie Jehowy jako grupa ofiar narodowego socjalizmu – wspomnienie i uczczenie, w: 60 rocznica wyzwolenia wiezniów obozów koncentracyjnych Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück oraz zakladu karnego w Brandenburgii. 14 – 18 kwiecien 2005, 24 kwietnia 2005. Fundacja Brandenburskie Miejsca Pamieci / Stiftung Brandenburgische Gedenkstätten (wydawcy), Oranienburg 2005, ss. 132-135.
http://www.jwhistory.net/text/otherlanguages/sachsenhausen2005polish.htm <<17.05.05>>

PORTUGUESE. Triângulos Roxos - As vítimas esquecidas do nazismo. Destaques do vídeo (78 min.) "Stand Firm" exhibitions in Brazil: Guarulhos, SP (March 4-31, 2004), Sao José dos Campos, SP (April 3-23, 2004), Volta Redonda, RJ (May 4-31, 2004). CONTENTS: CRONOLOGIA DE EVENTOS / A EXPOSIÇÃO AO REDOR DO MUNDO / VÍTIMAS ESQUECIDAS: ALGUMAS / BIOGRAFIAS / A EXPOSIÇÃO AO REDOR DO MUNDO / EVENTOS JÁ OCORRIDOS. [Biographies of Rudolf Graichen (foto), Magdalena Kusserow Reuter (foto; photograph of Kusserow family), and the "Stand Firm" video documentary in Portuguese.]
www.triangulosroxos.org.br <<111, 09.05.04>>

SPANISH: Cercle Européen des Temoins de Jéhovah Anciens Déportés et Internés (CETJAD), France / Spain. Foundation of Jehovah's Witness survivors and deportees, Spanish website. [Zeugen Jehovas im NS-Regime, Bibelforscher; Fotos: Gertrud Pötzinger (Poetzinger); befreite Häftlinge (Restkommando bestehend aus Zeugen Jehovas) KZ Wewelsburg, 1945.]
http://memoriadeuntestimonio.org/ <<044, 28.06.02>>

RUSSIAN: German letter (translated into Russian) to the editors of German newspaper "Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung," June 16, 2000, no. 138, page 51, "Die Zeugen Jehovas gehörten zu den Opfern," (Jehovah's Witnesses Were Among the Victims) by Johannes Wrobel. [London Imperial War Museum, Holocaust exhibition; USHMM, Yad Vashem; Magdalena Reuter-Kusserow]
http://www.jwhistory.net/text/russian/faz0006116russian.htm <<059, 08.07.02>>

RUSSIAN. Russian translations of German articles about the Nazi persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses and the persecution in Communist Germany, written by Hans Hesse, Johannes Wrobel, Gerhild Vollherbst, Silke Hinder, mh, Wolfram Slupina, and Veronika Springmann, taken from ravensbruckblaetter, German-language magazine published in Berlin, no. 113, December 2002, pp.5-14.
http://www.jwhistory.net/text/russian/00ravensbrueck.htm <<084, 26.05.04>>

RUSSIAN. Willi K. Pohl: Svideteli Iegovy kak gruppa zhertv NS – vospominanie i otsenka, v: 60-letnii yubilei osvobozhdeniya kontslagerei Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrueck i tyurmy Brandenburg, 14 po 18 aprelya 2005, 24 aprelya 2005. Fond Brandenburgskikh memorialov/Stiftung Brandenburgische Gedenkstätten (izdatel’), Oranienburg 2005, s. 136 - 139.
http://www.jwhistory.net/text/russian/sachsenhausen2005russian.htm <<17.05.05>>


REMOVED TEXTS & LINKS FROM THIS LIST
www.standfirm.de
/ www.jwhistory.net

English Publications On Persecution and Resistance
of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Nazi Germany and Communist Regimes

_____________________________________________________________________________

find!  |  Update-letter  |  email-a-friend  |  Impressum  |  Links: Deutsch - English - Aktuell - New   |  Literatur: Deutsch - English

This is a non-commercial private website, and the contents is free for personal and non-commercial use only in accordance with international copyright law. (Nichtgewerbliche, private Internetseite, zur freien Verfügung für Schule, Forschung und Wissenschaft und für den nichtkommerziellen, persönlichen Gebrauch gemäß Urheberrechtsgesetz.) When using informationn from this site, please quote the following source: "Internet links and updated publication list from the appendix of the German book, Repression und Selbstbehauptung: Die Zeugen Jehovas unter der NS- und der SED-Diktatur, by Gerhard Besier / Clemens Vollnhals (eds.), Duncker & Humblot Berlin, 2003, pp. 408, 411, www.standfirm.de/english."

"JW [Jehovah's Witnesses] were persecuted, imprisoned, or murdered by Nazis and their collaborators from 1933 onward. They are Opfer des Nationalsozialismus, victims of National Socialism [Nazism], not "Holocaust victims," if the term Holocaust is explicitly applied to the factory-like mass murder of European Jews that began in 1941/1942." (Religion - Staat - Gesellschaft. Journal for the Study of Beliefs and Worldviews, published by Professor Gerhard Besier / Professor Hubert Seiwert, Duncker & Humblot Berlin, vol. 4, no. 1 (2003), page 158. )

www.standfirm.de / www.jwhistory.net